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2020年城规《相关知识》知识点:废气污染

发布时间:2020-02-25 16:36:59 来源:中公建设工程网 浏览次数:

为应对2020年城乡规划师考试,编辑整理了城乡规划师考试的考试难点,希望给各位考生带来帮助!

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(一)城市环境污染的类型及特点

CHENGSHIHUANJINGWURANSHIZHIYOURENLEIDEHUODONGSUOYINQIDEHUANJINGZHILIANGXIAJIANGERYOUHAIYURENLEIJIQITASHENGWUDEZHENG CHANGSHENGCUNHEFAZHANDEXIANXIANG。CHENGSHIHUANJINGWURANCONGBUTONGJIAODU、BUTONGFANGMIANYOUDUOZHONGFENLEI。ANHUANJINGYAOSU,KEFENWEIDAQIWURAN、SHUITIWURANHETURANGWURANDENG;ANWURANWUDEXINGZHI,KEFENWEISHENGWUWURAN、HUAXUEWURANHE WULIWURAN;ANWURANXINGTAI,KEFENWEIFEIQIWURAN、FEISHUIWURAN、GUTIWURAN,YIJIZAOSHENGWURAN、FUSHEWU RANDENG;ANWURANCHANSHENGDEYUANYIN,KEFENWEISHENGCHANWURANHESHENGHUOWURAN,SHENGCHANWURANYOUKEFENWEIGONGYEWURAN、NONG YEWURAN、JIAOTONGWURANDENG;ANWURANWUDEFENBUFANWEI,YOUKEFENWEIQUANQIUXINGWURAN、QUYUXINGWURAN、JUBUXING WURANDENG。YIXIACONGHUANJINGYAOSUHEWURANWUDEXINGTAIJIAODU,JIESHAOCHENGSHIHUANJINGWURANDEYOUGUANWENTI。

1.废气污染

FEIQIZHIZAIKUANGWURANLIAORANSHAO、GONGYESHENGCHAN、LAJIHEGONGYEFEIWURANSHAOYIJIQICHEXINGSHIGUOCHENGZHONGPAICHUDE QITI。FEIQIZHONGHANYOUDEWURANWUZHONGLEIHENDUO,QIWULIHEHUAXUEXINGZHIFEICHANGFUZA,DUXINGYEBUJINXIANGTONG。RAN LIAORANSHAOPAICHUDEFEIQIZHONGHANYOUERYANGHUALIU、DANYANGHUAWU、TANYANGHUAWU、TANQINGHUAHEWUHEYANCHENDENG。GONGYESHENG CHANYINQISUOYONGYUANLIAOHEGONGYIBUTONGERPAIFANGCHUGEZHONGBUTONGDEYOUDUQITIHEGUTIWUZHI(FENCHEN) ,HANYOUHUAXUE ZUFENRUZHONGJINSHU、YANLEI、FANGSHEXINGWUZHI、BINGYUANTI、YOUJIHUAHEWUDENG。QICHEPAICHUDEWEIQIHANYOUDANYANGHUA WUHETANQINGHUAHEWU。FEIQIWURANDAQIHUANJING,SHIDANGQIANSHIJIEZUIPUBIANZUIYANZHONGDEHUANJINGWENTIZHIYI。 FEIQIWURANDUIRENTIYOUZHEYANZHONGDEBULIYINGXIANG。

(1)二氧化硫

斯诺克下注官网ERYANGHUALIUWEIYUANSEYOUCIJIXINGDEQITI,DUIHUANJINGQISUANHUAZUOYONG,SHIDAQIWURANDEZHUYAOWURANWU (YICIWURANZHIYI。CHENGSHI、GONGYEQUDAQIZHONGDEERYANGHUALIUZHUYAOLAIYUANYUHANLIUDEKUANGWURANLIAOHUOHANLIU JINSHUKUANGDEYELIANPAIFANGFEIQI。

(2)氮氧化合物

DANDEYANGHUAWUDEZONGCHENG。TONGCHANGSUOCHENGDEDANYANGHUAWUZHUYAOZHINOHEN02LIANGZHONGCHENGFENDEHUNHEWU,YONG NOxBIAOSHI。NOHENO2SHIDAQIZHONGCHANGJIANDEZHONGYAOWURANWU,QIZHUYAOWURANYUANWEIRANLIAORANSHAOSHI,KONGQIZHONG DEYANGHEDANZAIGAOWENXIASHENGCHENGDECHANWU。RANMEIHUORANYOUDEGONGYEGUOLUYIJIJIDONGCHELIANGPAICHUDEFEIQIZHONGHANYOUDA LIANGDANYANGHUAWU。QITAGONGYESHENGCHAN,RUXIAOSUANHEXIAOSUANHUAHEWUSHENGCHAN、HUAXUEGONGYEDEXIAOHUAGUOCHENG、HUOYAOHEDAN FEIDESHENGCHANDENGDOUYOUDANYANGHUAWUDEPAIFANG。

(3)碳氧化物

1一氧化碳

HUAXUESHICO,SHIWUSE、WUCHOU、WUMEI、WUCIJIXINGDEQITI,YOUJUDU。DAQIZHONGZHUYAOLAIYUANSHIHAN TANRANLIAODEBUWANQUANRANSHAO。GONGYEGUOLUHEMINYONGLUZAOPAICHUDEYANQIZHONGYUEHANYOU3%ZUOYOU,QICHEFEIQIZHONGHAN LIANGYUEWEI3%~13% 0QITARULIANJIAO、MEIQISHENGCHANDENGGONGYEGUOCHENGZHONGYEHUICHANSHENGYIDINGLIANGDECO2WURANDA QIZHONGYUEYOU80% COSHIYOUQICHEPAIFANGDE,ZAIJIAOTONGLIANGDADECHENGSHIKONGQIZHONGCODENONGDUKEGAODA40 —115ppmo

2二氧化碳

斯诺克下注官网ERYANGHUATANSUCHENG"TANSUANQI",HUAXUESHICO2,SHIWUSE、WUCHOU、YOUSUANWEIDEQITI。DAQIZHONGERYANG HUATANDELAIYUANYOU:①RENHEDONGWUDEHUXI,RENLEIHUCHUQIZHONGHAN4%ZUOYOU;②SHENGHUOHESHENGCHANZHONGRANLIAO (MEI、SHIYOUDENG)DERANSHAO;③TURANG、KUANGJINGHEHUOHUOSHANDEYICHU;④YOUJIWUDEFAJIAO、FENJIEHEFUBAIGUO CHENG。DAQIZHONGDEERYANGHUATANDABUFENBEILVSEZHIWUZAIGUANGHEZUOYONGZHONGXISHOULIYONG。

3飘尘和降尘

1)PIAOCHEN

PIAOCHENYICHENG"KEXIRUKELIWU"HUO"KEXIRUCHEN"。ZHILIJINGXIAOYU10μm (WEIMI)DEXUANFUKELI WU。BAOKUOMEIYAN、YANQIHEWUJIERCIKELIWURULIUSUANYAN、XIAOSUANYANWEILIDENG。QIZHONGXIANGDANGDAYIBUFENBIXI JUN(0.75μm)HAIXIAO。LIJINGZAI0. 1 ~ 1. 0μmZHIJIANDEXUANFUWEILIHENNANCHENJIANG,KEYISHUNIANSHENZHIJISHI NIANZAIDAQIZHONGPIAOFU。PIAOCHENNENGXIFUZHIAIXINGHENQIANGDEBENBINGKUNDENGTANQINGHUAHEWU,ZAIYUANFENGHUOFENGSUHENDA、NI WENDENGBULIYUXISHI、KUOSANDEQIXIANGTIAOJIANXIA,YOUNENGZAIDAQIZHONGFUJI,SHIDAQIWURANCHENGDUZENGDA,CONGERDA DAZENGQIANGQIWEIHAI。

2)JIANGCHEN

斯诺克下注官网JIANGCHENYICHENG"LUOCHEN"。KONGQIZHONGZHIJINGDAYU10μmDEGUTIKELIWU。JIANGCHENDEZIRANCHENJIANGSULVYIBAN ZAIlcm/s,YAOYOUDIMIANYANGCHEN、RANLIAORANSHAO、GONGYEYANCHEN、HUOSHANHUIDENG。JIANGCHENLIKAIFASHENGYUANHOU,HENKUAIJIANGLUODAODIBIAO, SUIZHELIYUANJULIDEZENGJIA,JIANGCHENLIANGXUNSUJIANXIAO。

(4)光化学烟雾

GUANGHUAXUEYANWUSHIYICIWURANWUHEERCIWURANWUDEHUNHEWUSUOXINGCHENGDEKONGQIWURANXIANXIANG。XINGCHENGDEZHUYAO YUANYINSHIDALIANGQICHEPAIQIHESHAOLIANGGONGYEFEIQIZHONGDEDANYANGHUAWUHETANQINGHUAHEWU,ZAIYIDINGDEQIXIANGTIAOJIANXIAFA SHENG。YIBANZUIYIFASHENGZAIDAQIXIANGDUISHIDUJIAODI、WEIFENG、RIZHAOQIANG、QIWENWEI24 ~ 320CDEXIAJIQINGTIAN, BINGYOUJINDINIWENDETIANQI。SHIYIZHONGXUNHUANGUOCHENG,BAITIANSHENGCHENG,BANGWANXIAOSHI。20SHIJI40NIANDAIZAIMEIGUOLUO SHANJIZUIZAOCHUXIAN。

斯诺克下注官网GUANGHUAXUEYANWUCHENGFENFUZA,DUIDONGZHIWUHECAILIAOYOUHAIDESHIO3HEJIAXING、BINGXIXINGDENGER CIWURANWU。YECHENG"CISHENGWURANWU" (CISHENGWURANWUZHIYICIWURANWUZAIWULI、HUAXUEYINSUHUOSHENGWUZUOYONG XIAFASHENGBIANHUA,HUOYUHUANJINGZHONGDEQITAWUZHIFASHENGFANYINGSUOXINGCHENGDEWUHUATEZHENGYUYICIWURANWUBUTONGDEXINWURANWU。TONGCHANGBIYICIWURANWUDUIHUANJINGHERENTIDEWEIHAIGENGWEIYANZHONG)。GUANGHUAXUEYANWUSHIDAQINENGJIANDUJIANG DI,DUIRENTIYOUHENDADECIJIHEDUHAIZUOYONG。

 

以上就是中公建设工程网小编整理的城乡规划师的备考难点,此外,小编还给大家整理了模拟试题、历年试题等考试资料,更多备考资料持续更新中。

距2020城乡规划师考试还有:102

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