斯诺克下注官网

2020年城规《规划实务》知识点:废水污染

发布时间:2020-02-21 18:18:29 来源:中公建设工程网 浏览次数:

为应对2020年城乡规划师考试,编辑整理了城乡规划师考试的考试难点,希望给各位考生带来帮助!

斯诺克下注官网相关的文章

Ctrl+D收藏本页!

 

废水指人类在生产活动和生活活动过程中排出的使用过的水。包括从住宅、商业建筑 物、公共设施和工矿企业排出的液体以及用水输送的废物与可能出现的地下水、地表水和 雨水的混合物。废水中的污染物对人体有程度不等的危害。废水污染类型及主要特点如下

(1)生活污水

SHENGHUOWUSHUISHIJUMINRICHANGSHENGHUOSUOCHANSHENGDEWUSHUI,SHIHUNZHUO、SHENSE、JUECHOUDESHUI,WEICHENGJIANXING,YIBANBUHANDUWU,SUOHANGUTIWUZHIYUEZHANZONGZHONGLIANGDE0. 1% ~0. 2% ,SUOHANYOUJIZAZHIYUEZHAN60% ,ZAIQI QUANBUXUANFUWUZHONGYOUJICHENGFENJIHUZHANZONGLIANGDE3/4YISHANG。SHENGHUOWUSHUIJISHIYIYUGEZHONGWEISHENGWUDEFANZHI,HANYOUDALIANGDEXIJUN、BINGYUANJUNHEJISHENGCHONGLUAN。SHENGHUOWUSHUIDESHUILIANGSHUIZHIMINGXIANJUYOUZHOUYE、JIJIEZHOUQIXINGBIANHUA DETEDIAN。

(2)工业废水

斯诺克下注官网GONGYEFEISHUIZHIGONGKUANGQIYE(BAOKUOXIANGZHENQIYE)SHENGCHANGUOCHENGPAICHUDEFEISHUI。SHISHENGCHANWUSHUIHESHENGCHANFEISHUIDEZONGCHENG。GONGYEFEISHUIDESHUILIANG、SHUIZHISUIBUTONGDEGONGYEJIQISHENGCHANGUOCHENGERYOUHENDADECHABIE。 SHENGCHANWUSHUIZHUANZHIGONGKUANGQIYESHENGCHANZHONGSUOPAICHUDEWURANJIAOYANZHONG、XUJINGCHULIHOUFANGKEPAIFANGDEGONGYEFEI SHUI。CHENGFENFUZA,DUOBANJUYOUJIAODADEWEIHAIXING,GEZHONGSHENGCHANWUSHUIDESHUIZHIHESHUILIANGXIANGCHAHENDA。DUIYIZHONGSHENG CHANWUSHUI,WANGWANGYIQIZHONGHANLIANGJIAODUOHUODUXINGJIAOQIANGDEMOUYIZHONGCHENGFENLAIMINGMING,RUHANPAN、HANYOU、SUANJIAN、HAN YANG、HANFEI、HANMING、HANLI、HANPU、HANQIANDENGWUSHUI。

生产废水又称"清净废水"。指工矿企业排出的比较清洁的不经处理即可排放的工业废水。典型的生产废水是冷却水。生产废水(特别是冷却水)是循环利用工业废水中应 首先考虑的.废水中的污染物质及主要特点如下:

1、有机物质的污染

YOUJIWURANZHIYOUJIHUAHEWUYINQIDEHUANJINGWURAN。YOUJIHUAHEWUFENWEITIANRANDEHERENGONGHECHENGDELIANGDA LEI。QIANZHEZHUYAOSHISHENGWUDAIXIEWUHESHENGWUHUAXUEGUOCHENGDECHANWU,RUHUANGQUMEISU、YOUZHI、DANBAIZHIDENG;HOUZHE WEIHECHENGDENONGYAO、XIDIJI、SULIAODENG。

斯诺克下注官网SHUITIZHONGDEYOUJIWURANWUFENWEIHUIFAXINGHEFEIHUIFAXINGDELIANGDALEI。HUIFAXINGYOUJIWURANWUZHIZHANYOUJIWU RANWUDE10% ~20% ,QIYUDALIANGWEIFEIHUIFAXINGYOUJIWURANWU,BAOKUOFUZHIZHI、DUOTANGLEI、DANBAIZHIHEDUO FULEI。ZHEIXIEJILAIYUANYUTIANRANWUZHIYOULAIYUANYURENWEIWURAN,HAIBAOKUOGONGYEHUAXUEPIN、BIAOMIANHUOXINGJI、YAOPIN HENONGYAODENGRENZAOYOUJIWU。

2、无机物质的污染

DUIHUANJINGZAOCHENGWURANDEYUANJIWUZHIYOU:GEZHONGYUANSUDEYANGHUAWU、LIUHUAWU、LUHUAWU、SUAN、JIAN、YANLEI DENG。SHUITIpHZHIXIAOYU5HUODAYU9SHI,DABUFENSHUISHENGSHENGWUBUNENGSHENGCUN。

3、有毒物质的污染

斯诺克下注官网DANGFEISHUIZHONGHANYOUDUOLIANGDEDUWURUYANGHUAWU、BEI、PANLEI,YIJILI、PUHETONGDENGZHONGJINSHULIZISHI,JIU HUICHUXIANDUHAISHENGWUDEZUOYONG,JIANGSHUITIZHONGDEXIJUNHEDONGZHIWUSHASI。YOUYUXIJUNBEIDUWUSHASI,JIUBIRANYI ZHISHUITIDEZIJINGZUOYONG。

4、 "富营养化"污染

YOUYUSHUITIZHONGDAN、LIN、ER、TANZENGDUO,SHIZAOLEIDALIANGFANZHI,HAOQUSHUIZHONGRONGJIEYANG,CONGERYINGXIANGYULEI DESHENGCUN,ZHEIJIUSHISUOWEIDE"FUYINGYANGHUA"WURAN。ZAOZHI、PIGE、ROULEIJIAGONG、LIANYOUDENGGONGYEFEISHUI, SHENGHUOWUSHUIYIJINONGTIANSHIYONGFEILIAO,SHISHUITIZHONGDAN、LIN、GANG、TANDENGYINGYANGWUZENGJIA。HANLINXIDIJIDEGUANGFAN YINGYONG,SHISHENGHUOWUSHUIZHONGHANLINLIANGZENGJIA。

5、油类污染物

斯诺克下注官网YOULEIWURANZHUYAOWEISHIYOUWURAN,ZHIZAISHIYOUDEKAICAI、LIANZHI、ZHUYUNHESHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONG,YUANYOUJIGEZHONG SHIYOUZHIPINJINRUHUANJINGERXINGCHENGDEWURANWU。WEIHAIYANGHUANJINGZHONGZUICHANGJIANDEYOUJIWURANWU,YECUNZAIYULUSHANGSHI YOUGONGYEDIQUJIFUJINDEDAQI、SHUITIHETURANGZHONG。ZAIHEKOUHEJINHAISHUIYU,JINNIANLAIZHEIZHONGWURANSHIFENTUCHU.

6、热污染

REWURANZHIRENLEIHUODONGWEIHAIREHUANJINGDEXIANXIANG。SHUITIREWURANSHIMEIKUANG、YOUTIAN、DIANCHANGDENGDAXINGNENGYUANZHUAN HUANQIYEPAICHUDEFEISHUIZAOCHENGJIANGHE、HUBOJUBUSHUIWENSHENGGAO,YINGXIANGSHUISHENGSHENGWUSHENGTAIPINGHENG。

7、含色、臭味的废水

SEDUGAODEFEISHUI,CHUYINGXIANGSHUITIWAIGUANWAI,RUZHIJIEYONGYUGONGYESHENGCHAN,HAIHUISHIZHICHENGPINCHANSHENGSEZE, YINGXIANGCHANPINZHILIANG。YOUXIEFEISHUIPAICHUSHIWUSE,DANJINRUSHUITIHOUYUQITARONGJIEWUJINXINGFANYINGKESHENGCHENGYANSE, RUHANYOUTIELIZIDEFEISHUI,YUDAOHANDANNINGFEISHUISHI,JIKECHUXIANHEISEDENG。SHUITIZHONGHANYOULIUHUAQINGHEPANLEIHUA HEWUSHIHUISHISHUIZHIFACHOU,SHUISHENGSHENGWUSHOUZHEIZHONGYOUCHOUWEIFEISHUIDEYINGXIANG,YEDAIYOUCHOUWEI,ZHEIBUJINSHIYUBEILEI DEZHILIANGXIAJIANG,SHENZHISHIZHIWUFASHIYONG。

8、病原微生物污染

斯诺克下注官网SHENGHUOWUSHUI、YIYUANWUSHUIYIJISHENGWUZHIPIN、ZHIGE、TUZAIDENGGONGYEFEISHUI,HANGEZHONGBINGJUN、BINGDU、JI SHENGCHONGDENGBINGYUANWEISHENGWU,JINRUSHUITIHOU,HUICHUANBOGEZHONGJIBING。RUYIYUANPAICHUDEWUSHUIZHONGHANYOUDALIANGDEBINGYUAN TI。JIEHEBINGYIYUANWUSHUI,MEISHENGKEJIANCHUJISHIWANZHIJIBAIWANGEJIEHEGANJUN。YIYUANWUSHUIHAIHANYOUXIAODUJI、 YAOJI、SHIJIDENGHUAXUEWUZHI;LIYONGFANGSHEXINGTONGWEISUYILIAOSHOUDUANDEYIYUANWUSHUIHAIHANYOUFANGSHEXINGWUZHI。WEIJING CHULIDEYIYUANWUSHUIYONGLAIGUANGAINONGTIAN,YEHUIZAOCHENGGEZHONGWEIHAI,RUSHIZHOUWEIDIQUHUANJINGWUZHUO、WENYINGDALIANGFAN ZHI、JIBINGLIUXING。

 

以上就是中公建设工程网小编整理的城乡规划师的备考难点,此外,小编还给大家整理了模拟试题、历年试题等考试资料,更多备考资料持续更新中。

距2020城乡规划师考试还有:102

城乡规划师报考指南

城乡规划师备考指南

高分经验
刷题小程序
 
 

特别推荐

最新资讯

学习工具
 
网校APP
 
 
网校课程
 
在线题库
 
资料下载
友情链接
中公建工网
微信公众号
每日推送精彩
考试学习资讯
中公建设工程网
官方微博
每日推送精彩
考试学习资讯
客服服务
010-6095-7443
周一至周五 9:00-18:30
周末 10:00-17:30